This partly-printed document was issued by the state of Connecticut soon after the close of the American War for Independence in an attempt to pay off the debts incurred in waging that historic war. It is headlined “Hartford” and was hand-dated “April 5th 1783”, with the first three digits of the year being pre-printed. The body of the document reads (in full) “RECEIVED, of Pay-Table-Committee, their Order on the Treasurer of this State, to secure the Payment of Fifteen Pounds Twelve Shillings & Eleven Pence being the Balance due to Timothy Wheeler’s Estate on the first Day of January, 1780 as stated by the Committees of the State and of the Army.”. This is followed by a manuscript addition which states that the payment was “In behalf of Rhode Wheeler Admr on the Estate of Timothy Wheeler Decd”, presumably for some goods or services tendered to the state government during the war. The payment amount, expressed in numerical format, was added at the lower left, while the signature of “Saml. Millington” appears at the right, following the manuscript addition to the main body of the document. A manuscript notation on the verso reads “Timothy Wheeler / Recd £15 .. 12 .. 11 / April 5th 1783 / Vol. 1st fol. 129 / Entered”, neatly written in 5 short lines (this was done for identification purposes when the document was folded for storage). This interesting document measures approximately 6.50 x 8.15 inches and is executed in period ink on high quality watermarked paper (the watermark is not identifiable due to its being cut and the verso notation being penned over it). Given that Connecticut issued several different styles of vouchers during and for some time after the Revolution (some of these are also offered on this site), the presently offered specimen would make a great addition or beginning to any collection of these historic pieces. This document, issued approximately 5 months before the signing of the Treaty of Paris that guaranteed the colonies their freedom and 5 years before the ratification of the United States Constitution that gave the colonies their identity, is a reminder that all wars require financial support as well as popular opinion to be prosecuted to a successful conclusion.
Cursory research has located two individuals named Samuel Millington possibly living in Connecticut at the time this document was executed (they are actually father and son). The elder Millington was apparently born in 1713, while the date of his death is listed as unknown. If he was still alive at the time this document was signed, which is not certain, he would have been approximately 70 years old, and the signature appears to be that of a significantly younger individual. His son, also named Samuel, was born on September 24, 1743, in Bolton, Connecticut and died on July 8, 1826 in Warren County, New York. According to sources, this Samuel served for two months near Boston and two months near New York, participating in the battle of White Plains. He enlisted in 1777 for 3 years, serving as a private in Captain Amos Walbridge’s company, as well as Colonel Charles Webb’s and Colonel Isaac Sherman’s Connecticut regiments. During his service he participated in the taking of Ft. Montgomery, and the battles of White Marsh and Monmouth. He was discharged January 27, 1780 at Morristown, New Jersey. Whether this is the same individual who signed this document is not certain, but the possibility does exist (further research may provide the answer).
Though now over 200 years old, the presently offered document is in solid and displayable condition, with sharp contrast and wonderful eye appeal. Three vertical storage folds are prominent, two of which roughly bisect the printing, and significant rippling can be seen along the top. The upper edge is heavily toned, migrating almost halfway across the document, though this could be matted out if the document was framed for display. (this toning does lighten in intensity nearer the center). Heavy toning is also present along the right fold, with moderate toning noted at the very bottom. The contrast, as mentioned earlier, is sharp and distinct, with all printed and manuscript lettering legible. The pre-printed material was so well executed that an impression of each of the letters is clearly visible on the verso. Very minor ink show through is noted for accuracy as the high quality of the paper has prevented bleed through and separation. The edges are quite uneven, with the printed material appearing much closer to the right edge than the left. An attractive example of one of these interesting forms, worthy of more extensive research.