This little document was written to verify the presence of an individual in the 8th Connecticut Regiment, presumably to calculate his pay. The document was written from "Camp" on the "28th August 1780" and reads (in full): "I do certify that Capt Sanford of the 8th Connect. Regt. belonged to said regiment the first of Jany last". It was written and signed at the conclusion by "Isaac Sherman" in his capacity as "Lieut Col Comdg 8th C. Regt". According to the available records, Samuel Sanford, the officer in question, served as a sergeant in the 7th Connecticut from July to December, 1775, as a 2nd lieutenant with the 19th Continental Infantry from January to December, 1776, and joined the 8th Connecticut as a 1st lieutenant on January 1, 1777. He was promoted to captain (his rank on the document) on December 15, 1777, and transferred to the 5th Connecticut on January 1, 1781. He retired from the military on January 1, 1783. The officer who wrote the document, Isaac Sherman, served as a captain in the 26th Continental Infantry, was promoted to major in the same regiment on August 10, 1776, and was advanced to lieutenant colonel and transferred to the 2nd Connecticut on January 1, 1777. He retained that rank when transferred to the 8th Connecticut on October 28, 1779. He, like Sanford, was transferred to the 5th Connecticut on January 1, 1781, and retired on January 1, 1783. Isaac Sherman died on February 16, 1819. This document appears to have something to do with Sanford's pay, as an ink notation at the lower left reads "£258-5-11" (not being familiar with the Continental pay scale, I am not sure how long one would have served to be eligible for this amount).
This piece exhibits numerous vertical and horizontal folds, as well as light to moderate toning throughout. The toning is somewhat darker near the edges and along the folds, a common situation on many documents of this era. The numerical amount seems to be written in a different ink, as it is significantly more prominent than the other writing on the document (it may possibly have been written at a later date, after the document had been carried or processed up the chain of command). Though much of the lettering has faded, all of the words are legible and easily transcribed. A filing notation on the verso is mentioned for accuracy. This interesting piece measures approximately 3.75 x 8.25 inches and would make a great addition to a colonial era collection. It isn't often that we can present a piece of this type where the military service of the individuals involved is so well documented.